Caravaggio + Bernini, Rijksmuseum Exhibition 2020 on the Baroque art in Rome
Have you missed the Caravaggio + Bernini show? Now you can electronically revisit the best items in the Caravaggio + Bernini, Rijksmuseum Exhibition 2020. There, I have taken High-Resolution photographs during the show’s opening hours in 2020. And created a Powerpoint programma explaining the role of the Counter-reformation an the role played by the two genius artists, Caravaggio + Bernini. A great story with the most influential artists.
Ideally the Roman Catholic church saw itself as a Unitarian church. The rise of Protestantism, with leaders such as Luther, Calvin, who protested against the sale of indulgences, was an alarming and traumatic experience for the Roman Catholic church. Part of the Counter-Reformation movement, also called Catholic Revival, was a head-on collision: exiling or forcibly converting Protestant populations, and starting a series of bloody heresy trials by the Spanish Inquisition. Furthermore anti-corruption efforts, new invigorated spiritual movements, and the founding of new religious orders such as the Jesuits. Catholic priests were trained in theology in a more thorough manner, ready to confront the wayward Protestants.
Within this framework both Caravaggio + Bernini set off to do their visual task in converting the masses back to the folds of the Roman Catholic Mother Church. Basically they were soldiers in the fight to regain dominance.
Caravaggio, (1571-1610) orphaned early on, was financially supported by local nobility in Milano so that he could study painting there, and he was later also helped later by cardinal Del Monte in Rome who gave hime a room in his Palazzo and funds and the right to bear arms.
Bernini (1598 – 1680) was gifted as a sculptor, creating masterworks from the age of 16. He landed commissions for sculpture and architectural projects all over Rome and rose to be the only huge name in his field of applied art and architecture. He became the head of an extremely successful family firm.
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